Learning, Battery,

How Many Batteries Are in a Golf Cart?

Want to know about the batteries in a golf cart?  If you are a golf enthusiast, we’ve got you covered. 

There are many different configurations of golf carts. The specific model’s voltage and power requirements determine the number of batteries the golf cart needs. Most often, you’ll find the following:

  • 36-Volt Golf Carts: These have six 6-volt batteries.
  • 48-Volt Golf Carts: Here, you have six 8-volt batteries or four 12-volt batteries

Volts Matter

Golf carts need the power to move around terrain, which comes from batteries. These batteries give electricity to the cart’s motor, which starts the vehicle. 

Here’s a brief overview of how it works:

  1. Golf carts have a series of batteries connected.
  2. The batteries produce electrical energy, which is stored as chemical energy.
  3. This energy is then released on demand after you press the accelerator.
  4. The motor converts the energy into motion, and the golf cart starts.


Counting the Batteries

deep cycle battey at 48v

It’s a game of numbers. 

There are many different configurations of golf carts. The specific model’s voltage and power requirements determine the number of batteries golf cart needs. Most often, you’ll find the following:

  • 36-Volt Golf Carts: These have six 6-volt batteries.
  • 48-Volt Golf Carts: Here, you have six 8-volt batteries or four 12-volt batteries

Keep in mind these are just general guidelines. For example, custom golf carts might have different battery configurations.


Let’s Go Deeper into Battery Types 

Lithium or Lead Acid? 

Lead-acid and lithium batteries are the two most commonly found in golf carts. Each has its advantages and disadvantages, which we’ll investigate below.

Lead-Acid Batteries: The Classic Choice 

These batteries have been around for a really long time. They rule the golf cart market. Things you must know are here:

  • Accessibility: They’re a good option for buyers on a tight budget because of their low price.
  • Availability: Lead-acid batteries can be easily replaced at most local stores or online.
  • Drawbacks: They are heavier than lithium batteries and require more upkeep, like checking and refilling the water level.

Lithium Batteries: The Modern Option 

Lighter and more durable. Due to their distinct advantages, these more recent batteries are gaining popularity:

  • Weight Savings: They can boost cart performance because they are significantly lighter than lead-acid batteries.
  • Longer Lifespan: Lithium batteries last longer and demand less maintenance.
  • Price Tag: The bad side? They start out more expensive, but their durability might compensate for it in the long run.


How Battery Durability Affects Your Ride

a golf cart with people on the golf field

Size does play a role.

 When considering the performance of your golf cart, battery capacity, measured in amp-hours (Ah), is an essential consideration. Batteries with a larger capacity can store more energy, allowing for greater power and a longer range.

  • 36-Volt Golf Carts: These usually have a battery capacity between 105 and 220 Ah.
  • 48-Volt Golf Carts: These feature a capacity between 150 and 400 Ah. It depends on the battery type and configuration.

Correct Battery Maintenance: Makes a huge difference

Keep them in perfect shape. Maintaining your golf cart’s batteries in the best possible condition is essential. Keep your batteries working well by following these guidelines:

For Lead-Acid Batteries 

They need a little TLC. Make sure to:

  1. Check Water Levels Consistently: As needed, top off with distilled water to cover but not overfill the plates.
  2. Clean the Terminals: Clean them with a wire brush and baking soda, and water solution to prevent corrosion.
  3. Charge After Every Use: Charge the batteries completely after each use to keep them in good condition.

For Lithium Batteries

Less work, yet still important. Here’s what to do:

  1. Monitor the Charge: Avoid overcharging or draining lithium batteries completely, as this can reduce their lifespan.
  2. Keep Them Cool: Store your golf cart in a cool, dry location to avoid battery damage caused by excessive heat or humidity.


Understand When It’s Time to Replace

Batteries don’t last forever. 

Be aware of the signs that show it is time for new batteries:

  • Shortened Range: If you notice that your golf cart can’t cover a similar distance as it used to, the batteries may be losing limit.
  • Slow Acceleration: A decrease in power and sluggish acceleration can signal weakening batteries.
  • Swollen Batteries: It’s time to get a new one if you notice any physical deformities like swelling or leaking.


Upgrading Your Golf Cart Batteries 

Improve your cart’s performance. 

Consider the following options if you want to increase the power or range of your golf cart’s battery setup:

  1. Increase Voltage: Change your 36-volt system for a 48-volt one, or maybe a higher one if the cart is designed for it.
  2. Upgrade to Lithium Batteries: Replace lead-acid batteries with lithium alternatives for better performance and longevity.
  3. Install Higher Capacity Batteries: Choose batteries with a higher amp-hour rating for an extended range.


Safety Comes First: Some Tips for Handling Batteries 

Play it safe. 

If they are not handled properly, batteries can be dangerous. Keep these precautions always in mind:

  1. Wear Protective Gear: Wear safety goggles and gloves to avoid chemical burns and eye damage when handling batteries.
  2. Keep Flames Away: Batteries could emit hydrogen gas, which is extremely flammable. Avoid using open flames, and don’t smoke near them.
  3. Lift with Care: Use safe lifting techniques to avoid injury because batteries can be heavy.


Last Thoughts: Enjoy the Ride 

You really have a choice.

You can choose, maintain, and possibly upgrade the batteries in your golf cart now that you have a better understanding of them. So, get out there and have fun on the greens with a smooth ride!

In a nutshell, the number of batteries in a golf cart depends on the system’s voltage; the majority of carts use either 36-volt or 48-volt batteries.

The battery type, be it lead-acid or lithium, can as well play a role in the cart’s presentation and support necessities. 

A long and enjoyable golf cart ride will be possible by maintaining your batteries well.




References

Deep Cycle Battery. https://www.akkuman.de/shop/8x-Trojan-T-105-Plus-6V-225Ah-Deep-Cycle-Batterie-48V

Golf Cart. https://www.wallpaperflare.com/man-riding-golf-cart-golf-buggy-golfers-men-people-grass-wallpaper-zjuuj

Video Reference

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About Alex Robertson

AvatarCertifications: B.M.E.
Education: University Of Denver - Mechanical Engineering
Lives In: Denver Colorado

Hi, I’m Alex! I’m a co-founder, content strategist, and writer and a close friend of our co-owner, Sam Orlovsky. I received my Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (B.M.E.) degree from Denver, where we studied together. My passion for technical and creative writing has led me to help Sam with this project.

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