People don’t often check their car batteries for voltage drops, but if done periodically, it could be a great prevention tool. This battery check is important to ensure that your car works efficiently at any time.
This article will help you easily know how to check for battery drain with a multimeter. I will help you identify the cause of a battery issue and also how you can fix it.
Checking for a battery drain with a multimeter is simple.
- 1. Remove the negative car battery cable.
- 2. Check and draw across the negative cable and battery post.
- 3. Remove and replace fuses.
- 4. Isolate and fix the issue.
- 5. Replace the negative battery cable.
You may purchase a new battery and discover that it is already dead or damaged after some time. While this could be due to a couple of reasons, it is mostly due to parasitic drain.
I will explain in detail what this is and why it is important to do a battery drain test to avoid any inconveniences and costs.
What is a Parasitic Drain?
Essentially, the car continues to draw power from the battery terminals even when the engine is turned off. This could be due to many reasons. Since most cars today have many advanced auto parts and electrical equipment parts, a small parasitic drain is usually expected.
Parasitic battery drain reduces the lifespan of the battery. This is because it causes a voltage drop with time. This is why your battery dies for good after some time, and the engine can’t start.
Luckily, battery drain is a problem that you can solve at home without incurring further costs.
How Many Volts Should a Car Battery Have?
New and fully charged car batteries should have 12.6 volts. This is the standard voltage for all batteries. If your car does not easily start after turning the keys, then it means that your battery is weak and most likely needs to be replaced.
New car batteries can be bought from an auto parts store near you or an online trusted source. (1)
Below is a list of everything you’ll need to do a battery drain test.
What You’ll Need
To do a simple drain test, you will need the following items:
- A digital multimeter- This needs to measure at least 20Ampheres. You can get one at an online or auto parts store near you. I recommend going for branded multimeters as this guarantees the quality of the multimeter.
- A wrench- This removes the battery terminals while checking for battery drain. The sizes can include 8 and 10 millimeters.
- A pair of pliers- This is to remove the fuse from the fuse panel of the battery.
How to Check Car Battery Drain with a Multimeter
You will need to follow these simple steps correctly to avoid any mistakes that could prove costly.
To begin this process, you must first shut down your engine and remove the key from the ignition.
Open the hood of your car. Turn off all electrical equipment that might be on. These include radio, and heat/ air conditioning. Some of these systems could cause the parasitic draw, and that is why you need to turn them off first.
Then follow these steps:
Step 1. Remove the Negative Battery Cable
You will need to remove the negative cable from the battery cable terminal. This is done to prevent shorting of the battery if you are doing the test from the positive end.
The negative cable is normally black. Sometimes, you might have to use a wrench to unscrew the cable.
Step 2. Check the Draw Across the Negative Cable and Battery Post
After doing this, you connect the multimeter to the negative cable that you unscrewed.
To set the multimeter, you connect the black probe to the common labeled as (COM) input of the multimeter. The red probe goes into the amps (A) input hole.
To get the right results, I recommend you get a multimeter that can record a reading of up to 20 amps. This is because a fully charged battery will read 12.6 volts. Then set the dial to read amps.
After setting the multimeter up, place the red probe through the metal part of the battery’s negative terminal. The black probe will go onto the battery terminal.
If the multimeter records a reading of about 50mA, your car has a battery drain.
3. Remove and Replace Fuses
One of the most common methods for parasitic battery drain testing is removing all the fuses and replacing them one by one. This is done while still checking the readings of the multimeter.
Take note of any drop in the multimeter reading. The fuse that leads to a drop in the reading of the multimeter is the reason for the parasitic battery drain.
You will need to remove the fuse and replace it with another if you are confident it is causing the parasitic drain. If it is the only component causing the drain, you can remove it and reconnect the battery.
4. Isolate and Fix the Issue
If you remove a fuse or a circuit and discover that it is the one causing the problem, you can narrow down the problem and fix it. You can remove the individual components if it is an entire circuit while checking for the multimeter drop.
You might want to refer to the manufacturer’s blueprints to know where each component belongs.
After isolating the issue, you can fix it yourself or if you are not sure, hire a mechanic to fix it for you. In most cases, you can fix the problem by turning the component off or removing it from the system.
I recommend doing another test to check if the drain test has worked and if everything is functioning well.
5. Replace the Negative Battery Cable
After you are sure that the parasitic draw has been resolved, you can replace the battery cable with the negative terminal.
For some cars, you have to use the wrench again to make it tight and not easily removable. For the other cars, replace the cable to the terminal and the cover.
Although there are many tests for battery checks, I recommend using the multimeter method. This is because it is simple and easy to carry out. Using an amp clamp, the other method is convenient for measuring small voltages across the batteries.
Because of this, it is better to use the multimeter since it measures a wide range of values from the range. Also, a multimeter is easier to get from hardware stores or online stores. (2)
If your car is having problems starting when you turn on the ignition key, then this is how you can check for yourself. I hope this article on testing battery drain with a multimeter has been helpful to you.
You may check other related articles below. Until our next one!
(1) online trusted source – https://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/c.php?g=288333&p=1922574
(2) online stores – https://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-online-stores-store-owners-55599.html
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