Learning, Circuit,

Does a Garbage Disposal Need a Dedicated Circuit?

Are you wondering whether you need a dedicated circuit for your garbage disposal?

A dedicated circuit is not always necessary, as garbage disposal can sometimes share an existing one if it’s less than 1HP. If it’s 1HP, it would be recommended that you use it continuously, and if it’s more than 1HP, it’s better to ensure that you use a dedicated circuit, as you won’t need to worry about it. Usually, a 15-amp circuit will suffice for a 1HP unit, and a 20-amp one for more than that.

Note: This chart assumes the wattage of all appliances on the circuit.

WattageCircuit Requirements
Less than 500 wattsNo dedicated circuit required
500-1000 wattsNo dedicated circuit is required
1000-1500 wattsNo dedicated circuit is required
1500-2000 wattsDedicated circuit recommended
More than 2000 wattsDedicated circuit required

Many homeowners assume garbage disposal needs a dedicated circuit, but this is not always true.

In this article, we’ll explore whether or not garbage disposal needs its circuit and, if so, what type of circuit should be used.

How a Garbage Disposal Works

A garbage disposal breaks down leftover food into fine particles.

Its grind ring does this. It liquefies the food. After the food is ground through the grind ring, water flushes the particles out of the garbage disposal and into the wastewater pipeline. Importantly, all this requires electricity to work.

A garbage disposal is a canister with a compartment for the waste food and a motor at the bottom that spins an impeller plate.

cross-section of a garbage disposal unit

How Do You Know If You Need a Dedicated Circuit?

Now that you know how a garbage disposal works, do you need to arrange a dedicated circuit?

Without a Dedicated Circuit

Without a dedicated circuit for your garbage disposal, you might, for instance:

  • Not be able to run your garbage disposal at the same time as your dishwasher.
  • Be unable to operate your vacuum cleaner without tripping the circuit.

If these scenarios seem familiar, you should have a dedicated circuit for your garbage disposal, as with other major high-powered appliances.

In short, two high-powered appliances should not be used on the same circuit, so don’t try to use them simultaneously.

What Happens if a Dedicated Circuit is Not Installed?

Major high-powered appliances used concurrently without a dedicated circuit are extremely dangerous, as they can draw high currents. A non-dedicated circuit cannot handle high currents.

Using a shared circuit puts your life at risk, as the wiring can overheat and cause the insulation to break down, eventually causing a fire within your walls.

Benefits of Using a Dedicated Circuit

Dedicated circuits come in handy to prevent electrocution and fire from an overload.

Dedicated circuits are designed to give your major appliances a protection layer so they might not get damaged by high electrical currents. If you want to be careful while using your electrical appliances and want to run them simultaneously, you should consider arranging a dedicated circuit.

In short, it needs a dedicated circuit for a garbage disposal to function safely if it’s high power or runs with many other appliances.

How Many Amps Does a Garbage Disposal Operate On?

Now that you are probably convinced of the need for a dedicated circuit and know that arranging for one is the best option for your garbage disposal, you will need to know how many amps it operates on.

The answer is that garbage disposal needs a 15- 20 amp dedicated circuit if it’s at least 1HP. It might be fine to share a 20-amp circuit with another appliance, such as a dishwasher, but not with a high-powered appliance running together. To be safe, a dedicated circuit is a better option if the unit is rated over 1HP. However, the exact amperage varies depending on your garbage disposal size and type.

20-amp circuit breaker

That’s why it is necessary to check the manual for this information, which usually comes with the appliance, or you can discuss it with the electrician appointed to install your garbage disposal.

Does a Garbage Disposal Need a GFCI and AFCI?

As per the National Electrical Code (NEC), there is no requirement that garbage disposal must be protected by a GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter).

Nevertheless, there might be a requirement stated in the installation manual that your particular garbage disposal needs GFCI protection, which is designed to prevent electrocution. Mostly, they are installed in those areas where there is a threat of the electrical circuit being exposed to water. It is possible that the electrical circuit in a garbage disposal can come into contact with water, so a GFCI is used as a safety measure.

An AFCI is designed to function as an arc fault, interrupting the flow of electricity and quick trips. This helps prevent an electrical system from causing an explosion or a fire hazard. To prevent an arc fault from causing a fire hazard, an AFCI is also used in garbage disposals.

More Tips for Using a Garbage Disposal

If you want your garbage disposal to last long, you must do more than arrange a dedicated circuit.

All electrical appliances need some regular maintenance. So does garbage disposal. Here is a round-up of some more important measures you can take when using your garbage disposal:

  • Do not put large quantities of food in a garbage disposal. Only put food into the disposal at a time in small quantities. If the food scrap is too large, you can cut it into pieces before disposal.
  • Avoid solid or non-food items. Never put anything in the garbage disposal if it is not food or water, such as water bottles, cans, or other non-food items. It could damage the garbage disposal or get stuck inside the waste pipeline.
  • An item such as bones is too hard for garbage disposal. It can harm its blades, so throw these items in the trash can instead.
  • Keep the water running a little longer. After disposing of the garbage, flush the water approximately 30 seconds after turning it off. Add cold water, which helps harden the fat and grease, allowing them to move freely through the waste pipeline. Warm water can be used when the garbage disposal is switched off.
  • Use cold water frequently. Clean the garbage disposal regularly. It might seem like a hassle, but it will help to ensure it lasts longer.

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About Sam Orlovsky

AvatarCertifications: B.E.E.
Education: University Of Denver - Electric Engineering
Lives In: Denver Colorado

Electrical engineering is my passion, and I’ve been in the industry for over 20 years. This gives me a unique ability to give you expert home improvement and DIY recommendations. I’m not only an electrician, but I also like machinery and anything to do with carpentry. One of my career paths started as a general handyman, so I also have a lot of experience with home improvement I love to share.

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