How to Stop Spark Plug Wires from Arcing – Simple Methods to Fix It on Your Own

Knowing how to stop spark plugs from arcing will save you from many future problems and help you fix these issues; in the article below, I’ll teach you some quick fixes I have learned over the years.

An electric arc can be observed in spark plugs for many reasons; this occurs in many vehicles and occurs when the spark plug cables are loose or already oxidized, another reason can be that the spark plugs are broken, which can be dangerous. 

So, without further ado, I’ll discuss how to avoid arcing.

oxidizing spark plug wires

identifying spark plug wires arc

Method 1. Identify the Reason Why Spark Plug Wires Arc and Check for Misfires

mechanic in black gloves holding spark plug

With a basic visual check, you can check your car for misfires. Even if your vehicle is off running immediately, you will notice those electrical arcs in the spark plug wires.

You need to know that the main reason for those spark plug wires arcing can be because the spark plug wires are not properly grounded; you may notice this when the connection starts from the coil and spark plug wires and on the conductors surrounding the area.

But if you notice the electrical arc, the reason is that the voltage from the ignition coil is grounded to the engine block.

The normal operation of spark plugs is voltage passes through them through the ignition coil. But it won’t have a path back if there’s a bad ground connection, and it makes for no path through which to arc those spark plug wires.

The spark plug gap should have enough voltage, but if the coil is weak, it will make an effort to provide it, and a gap will be created under compression of the cylinder.

It is then that the coil will decide to generate a spark of lower voltage and be accessible to the ground, which means that the spark cannot jump, so it will form an arc.

Also, the fact that your vehicle has a weak coil is another common reason spark plug wires arc and will usually be noticeable at ignition.

How to Make a Misfire Diagnosis

Step 1. Run the engine and spray everything down, including the wires and an ignition coil, with water with a spray bottle, and then we’re going to determine if we have a misfire.

misfire diagnosis on spark plugs

Step 2. If you see any arcing coming from there, spray that down while the engine is running, and the engine will likely start running rough that will tell you if you indeed have some issues around the plug wires or the ignition coil.

spraying the engine

Step 3. This is a great way to diagnose a misfire in that circumstance, and what you would often see would be sparking and arcing between all the different wires or often again coming out of the actual coil.

Method 2. Check for Physical Damage and Repair Any Disconnected Shift Links 

Step 1. If it is night, use a flashlight to visually inspect the spark plug wires and check the plug cap. If you can’t identify them with the naked eye, you should notice a line of wires coming out of the cylinder head and joining the other end of the distributor or ignition coil.

disconnected shift links

Step 2. Next, you have to examine the insulation around the wires and check every inch along it. To check them properly, you must follow the wires from the cylinder head to where they join the distributor.     

examine the insulation around the wires

Step 3. Then, lead the end of the cable, ensuring that the clips catch the head of the spark plug. When there is no damage to your parts, they will create pressure to keep the cable and connection secure.

cramp tool

Step 4. Get a cramp tool to crimp the wire as you need to wire in direct contact because if it’s not in direct contact with the metal contact, it fits into the plug or plugs into the distributor cap and will cause a gap in the spark and will eventually burn the wire.

shift linkage cable

Step 5. If you notice that your shift linkage cable has become disconnected, there will be an unstable flow of electrical current in the engine and a disconnection in the spark plug shift linkage which will also cause these arcs to form in the spark plug wires.

You should know where the disconnect is in the breaker link, you should repair the disconnect as soon as possible.

Method 3. Carry Out an Inspection with The Engine Running

engine and spark plugs

Step 1. Learn to Identify a Problem

It is possible to identify a problem by looking at the engine. So first, you have to look for electrical arcs around the wires on the spark plug.

top view of a car engine

Step 2. Hear the Sounds of Your Car

You should also pay attention to the sounds as you will hear a clicking sound that could indicate a high voltage electrical leak. So you must be careful.

man paying attention to the sounds of the car engine

Step 3. Notice Abnormal Changed

Have another person help you by revving the engine while you watch. You should look and listen for abnormal changes, such as arcing in the wires or smoke. 

man leaning on the car's opened hood

Step 4. Repair the Components

More serious damage will occur if this damage is not controlled and repaired.

This is why it is crucial to regularly check the insides of your vehicle, engine, and vehicle components for some damage. If necessary, you must repair it before further damages severely affect your vehicle and engine.

a pair of man's hand repairing car's engine

Step 5. Keep Them Clean

You need to keep the spark plug wires of your vehicle clean to reduce the conduction drain. And don’t assume that crossed wires are a bad sign in your car, as some manufacturers do it to cancel out magnetic fields.

cleaning engine to reduce conduction drain

Defective Spark Plug Wires Leave Telltale Signs of Deterioration

defective spark plug wires

If you detect any of these signs, it might be time to replace your spark plug wires:

  • Irregular inactivity
  • Engine misfire
  • Radio interference
  • Decreased fuel economy (1)
  • Failed emission control tests (2)
  • High hydrocarbon emissions
  • An error code indicating cylinder misfire
  • Check the engine light

You can prevent spark plug arcing by checking them regularly, replacing wires, replacing ignition coils, and looking for a shift linkage disconnect.

Take a look at some of our related articles below.




References
(1) fuel economy – https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/fuel-economy
(2) emission control tests – https://www.nationwide.com/lc/resources/auto-insurance/articles/what-is-emissions-testing

About Sam Orlovsky

b1d87d2ee85af3e51479df87928bdc88?s=90&d=mm&r=gI realized early on carpentry was a huge passion for me and I’ve stayed in the industry for over 20 years now. This gives me a unique ability to really be able to tell you what the best tools and recommendations are. I’m not only a carpenter but I also like machinery and anything to do with electrics. One of my career paths starting off was as an apprentice electrician so I also have a lot of experience with electrical products and anything related.